Autumn Budget - Personal Tax and Miscellaneous
Personal Tax allowance
The personal Income Tax allowance for 2019-20 will be increased to £12,500 (2018-19 £11,850). It will remain at this increased level for two years.
Changes to personal tax allowances will apply to the whole of the UK.
Income Tax bands, rates and the dividend allowance
The Income Tax bands for 2019-20 have been increased. They are:
- Basic rate band increased to £37,500 (2018-19 £34,500)
- Higher rate band £37,501 to £150,000 (2018-19 £34,501 to £150,000)
- Additional rate, no change, applies to income of more than £150,000.
As a result, the higher rate threshold will increase to £50,000 from April 2019. There is no change in Income Tax rates and the tax rates applied to dividend income.
Changes to these Income Tax bands apply to England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The Scottish parliament now set their own Income Tax bandings.
Earlier payments of Capital Gains Tax (CGT)
UK residents will be required to make a payment on account for CGT due on a residential property sale. The new regulations will also affect disposals by non-UK residents.
The changes will apply from April 2019 for non-UK residents and April 2020 for UK residents.
Capital Gains Tax Private Residence Relief changes
From April 2020, the government intends to make two changes to the Private Residence Relief:
- The final exempt period will be reduced from 18 months to 9 months, with no change to the 36 months available for those who are disabled or in care homes, and
- Lettings relief will be reformed so that it only applies in certain circumstances where the property owner is in shared occupancy with the tenant.
CGT Entrepreneurs’ relief
Two changes are coming into effect:
- Claimants must have a 5% interest in the distributable profits and the net assets of the company to qualify, and separately
- That the minimum period, during which certain conditions must be met to qualify for the relief, is being increased from one to two years.
The first measure will have effect for disposals on or after 29 October 2018.
The second measure will have effect for disposals on or after 6 April 2019, unless a business ceased before 29 October 2018.
Inheritance Tax: changes to the nil-rate band
From 29 October 2018, amendments to the residence nil-rate band will provide certainty as to when a person is treated as “inheriting” property and clarify the “downsizing” rules.