Grants Under the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS)
This information is relevant for SOLE TRADERS only. If you are a limited company you are not self-employed and you can disregard this information.
Updated on the 30th March 2020.
On 26 March 2020 the Chancellor announced a new grant scheme available to the self-employed and members of partnerships and have lost income due to Coronavirus.
The information in this article is based on the limited details announced by HMRC on 30 March 2020.
Generally speaking, the new scheme will allow self-employed people to claim a taxable grant worth 80% of their trading profits up to a maximum of £2,500 per month for the next 3 months. This may be extended if needed.
Please note that the scheme does not apply to company directors who should be able to claim support using the Coronavirus Job Support Scheme for their salary.
Who is eligible for this scheme?
The scheme is for self-employed people or people in a partnership who satisfy all of the following conditions:
- They have submitted their Self-Assessment tax return for the tax year 2018/19
- They traded in the tax year 2019/20
- They are still trading now or would be if it wasn’t for COVID-19
- They intend to continue to trade in the tax year 2020/21
- They have lost profits due to COVID-19
Anyone who started being a sole trader in 2019/20 would not be eligible for a grant under these rules.
The self-employed trading profits must also be less than £50,000 and more than half of the taxpayer’s income must come from self-employment. If your trading profits are more than £50,000 you will not be eligible for this grant.
At least one of the following conditions must be satisfied:
- Profits or your share of the partnership trading profits in tax year 2018/19 must be less than £50,000 and these profits must not be more than half of your total taxable income, OR
- Average trading profits in 2016/17, 2017/18, and 2018/19 is less than £50,000 and these profits are more than half of your taxable income in the same period
If you started trading between 6 April 2016 and 5 April 2019, HMRC will only use those years for which a Self-Assessment tax return has been filed.
‘Self-employed profits’ has not yet been defined by HMRC but we assume that this refers to the net profit as shown on the self-assessment tax return for the year in question.
It is assumed that ‘income’ refers to total income before deducting the taxpayer’s personal allowance and would include all sources of taxable income including employment income, pensions and property income.
For those who have not submitted their Income Tax Self-Assessment tax return for the tax year 2018/19, they must do so by 23 April 2020 to qualify. Contact us urgently if you need our help with this.
HMRC will use data on 2018/19 returns already submitted to identify those eligible and will risk assess any late returns filed before the 23 April 2020 deadline in the usual way.
Amount of Grant Available
The taxable grant will be 80% of the average profits from the tax years (where applicable):
To work out the average HMRC will add together the total trading profit for the 3 tax years (where applicable) then divide by 3 (where applicable), and use this to calculate a monthly amount. Where the trade commenced in that period it is assumed that the average will be computed on a pro-rata basis.
It will be up to a maximum of £2,500 per month for 3 months.
The grant will be paid directly into taxpayers' bank accounts, in one installment.
Taxpayers will need to include the grant in their income for tax credit purposes.
How to apply
Taxpayers cannot apply for this scheme yet. HMRC will contact taxpayers directly if they are eligible for the scheme and invite them to apply online. If any when you receive this letter please contact us if you would like help preparing and submitting your application.
Once HMRC has received the claim and the taxpayer is eligible for the grant, they will contact them to tell them how much they will get and the payment details.
The HMRC guidance alerts taxpayers to beware of scams from people purporting to be from HMRC and requesting the taxpayer's name, credit card or bank details.
To summarise also, here is the other help you may be able to get:
- Deferral of income tax payment on account due on 31 July 2020
- Deferral of VAT payments due between 20 March 2020 and 30 June 2020
- Grants to businesses that pay little or no business rates
- Increased amounts of Universal credit
- Business Interruption Loan Scheme
This information is correct at the time of writing and is subject to change.
Please contact us if you need further clarification.